This article seeks to disclose the conflicts of the military coup attempt of Turkey on July 15, 2016. Research question under discussion is as to why Fethullah Gülen is accused as the mastermind behind the failed coup? Obviously, the current coup is a story of a spat between Erdoğan and Gülen. To grab a clear understanding on the spat this article utilizes three conflicting actors in the coup, namely: secularists, political Islam and cultural Islam. While military represents secularists, Erdoğan plays a role of political Islam, and Gülen represents cultural Islam. Undoubtedly, Gülen was to be an inspiring source for the coup. The conflict between Gülen and Erdoğan is triggered by a competing for gaining influences in Turkey. After all, the conflict is a spat between two Muslims representing to two different Islamic perspectives despite both of which stemming from the same religion (Islam) and the same school (Sunni). While Gülen uses apolitical cultural Islam, Erdoğan resorts to post-Islamism Political Islam.
Keywords: Erdoğan, Fethullah Gülen, kudeta Turki, post-Islamis, Islam apolitis.
- “ERDOĞAN VERSUS GÜLEN: Perebutan Pengaruh antara Islam Politik Post-Islamis dengan Islam Kultural Apolitis”, Al-Tahrir, Vol. 16, No. 2 (November 2016), 273-293
- http://jurnal.stainponorogo.ac.id/index.php/tahrir/article/view/509 (terakreditasi “B”, berdasarkan Keputusan Menteri Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan RI, Nomor: 212/P/2014, Tanggal 03 Juli 2014)